[27][34] Potemkin also rose in political stature, particularly on the strength of his military advice. [64] Potemkin approved every plan himself, but construction was slow, and the city proved costly and vulnerable to plague. C H I L D W O O D Back to the Roots Hinter den sieben Bergen Orthodoxie Ans Wasser - Wo alles beginnt Byzanz Mein Dorf Vom Anfang zum Ende Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Potjomkinin syntymän ajankohdasta ei ole täyttä varmuutta. Grigory Potemkin, in full Grigory Aleksandrovich Potemkin, (born September 13 [September 24, New Style], 1739, Chizovo, Russia—died October 5 [October 16, New Style], 1791, near Iași [now in Romania]), Russian army officer and statesman, for two years Empress Catherine the Great’s lover and for 17 years the most powerful man in the empire. [124], Potemkin had no legitimate descendants, though it is probable he had illegitimate issue. Kategorie:Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Connected to: {{::readMoreArticle.title}} aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie {{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}} This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit). Potemkin was soon formally presented to the Empress as a talented mimic; his imitation of her was well received.[15]. His highs and lows, his material and sexual excesses, his impulsive whims, his energy and lethargy, and his depressive spells speak to some kind of bipolar disorder. Uued Uudised peavad oluliseks sõnavabadust. / 16. On his return, he was appointed Procurator, and won a reputation as a lover. See Copying and Sharing ConceptNet for more details.Copying and Sharing ConceptNet for more details. On leave to St. Petersburg, the Empress invited him to dine with her more than ten times. General Alexander Suvorov won an important victory at Kinburn in early October; with winter now approaching, Potemkin was confident the port would be safe until the spring. Transliteratioun Grigorij Aleksandrovič Potëmkin, gebuer den 13. September 1739 geboren . Find artworks in the Artory Registry—the most comprehensive and secure database for art and objects—and register artworks you own to have them endorsed by an expert Partner and secured on the blockchain. He only agreed to have portraits made of him twice, in 1784 and again in 1791, both times by Johann Baptist von Lampi and from an angle which disguised his injury. By the end of November, only one major target remained: the Turkish fortress of Izmail. Transliteration Grigorij Aleksandrovič Potëmkin, deutsch auch Gregor Alexandrowitsch Potemkin; * 13. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potemkin by Attributed to Christian Friedrich Reinhold Liszewski. [97], In July 1790 the Russian Baltic Fleet was defeated by the Swedish at the Battle of Svensksund. Der Mythos besagt, dass der Begriff des Potemkinschen Dorfes auf den russischen Feldmarschall Reichsfürst Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin zurückgeht. [113], Catherine's son Paul, who succeeded to the throne in 1796, attempted to undo as many of Potemkin's reforms as possible. It appears that Catherine missed him, and that Potemkin took a December letter from her as a summons. Potemkin had moved his ever more lavish court to Bender and there were soon more successes against Turkey, including the capture of Batal-Pasha and, on the second attempt, of Kilia on the Danube. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin превод на речника немски български на Glosbe, онлайн речник, безплатно. The Prince was sent on a tour to Novgorod, but, contrary to the expectations of some onlookers (though not Catherine's[44]), he returned a few weeks later. Russischer Feldmarschall, Vertrauter und Günstling der russischen Zarin Katharina der Großen – Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin wurde am 13.09.1739 in (Weiler in Russland) geboren und starb mit 52 Jahren am … Potemkin had conservative allies including Felix Potocki, whose schemes were so diverse that they have yet to be fully untangled. He kept his own court, which rivalled Catherine's: by the 1780s he operated a chancellery with fifty or more clerks and had his own minister, Vasili Popov, to oversee day-to-day affairs. Exhausted, Potemkin collapsed into a fever he barely survived. September jul. [71] Potemkin also rewarded hundreds of thousands of settlers who moved into his territories. [59] By July 1783, Potemkin had engineered the peaceful annexation of the Crimea and Kuban, capitalizing on the fact that Britain and France were fighting elsewhere. These posts made him rich, and he lived lavishly. Catherine was distraught and ordered social life in St. Petersburg be put on hold. Though the immigrants were not always happy in their new surroundings, on at least one occasion Potemkin intervened directly to ensure families received the cattle to which they were entitled. In addition, Catherine's son Paul turned eighteen and began to gain his own support. by … [127], Potemkin also had influential relatives. Despite advice to the contrary, Potemkin pursued an equally defensive strategy, though in the Caucasus Generals Tekeeli and Pavel Potemkin were making some inroads. Potemkine, Grigori Aleksandrovitch, 1739-1791 Григорий Александрович Потёмкин Русский военный и государственный деятель, генерал-фельдмаршал Potemkin, Grigorij Aleksandrovič knjaz 1739-1791 Potemkin, Grigorij (Grigorij Aleksandrovič), 1739-1791 The five unmarried Engelhardt sisters arrived in court in 1775 on the direction of their recently widowed father Vassily. But there was exaggeration in all his enterprises. Grigori is ’n afstammeling van die Moskouse diplomaat Pjotr Potjomkin.Hy word in die dorp Tsjizjowo naby Smolensk gebore. Diese DVD ist leider - muss ich zugeben - ein Fehlkauf gewesen. A distant relative of the Moscovite diplomat Pyotr Potemkin (1617–1700), Grigory was born in the village of Chizhovo near Smolensk into a family of middle-income noble landowners. A distant relative of the Moscovite diplomat Pyotr Potemkin (1617–1700), Grigory was born in the village of Chizhovo near Smolensk into a family of middle-income noble landowners. Grigórij Aleksándrovich Potjómkin-Tavrícheskij, IPA: [ɡrʲɪˈɡorʲɪj ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ pɐˈtʲɵmkʲɪn tɐˈvrʲitɕɪskʲɪj]; October 11 [O.S. The empress grew impatient and compelled him in 1791 to return to Iași to conduct the peace negotiations as chief Russian plenipotentiary. Oktober 1791 … Hy word bevorder tot tweede luitenant van die wag. Potemkin, Grigori Aleksandrovich pōtĕm´kÄ­n, Rus. It has been suggested[by whom?] Certainly, Potemkin had arranged for Catherine to see the best he had to offer (organising numerous exotic excursions) and at least two cities' officials did conceal poverty by building false houses. [88], Potemkin argued with Suvorov and Catherine herself, who were both anxious to assault Ochakov, which the Turks twice managed to supply by sea. Potemkin; Untersuchungen zu seiner Lebensgeschichte. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution … Der Günstling der Zarin Katharina die Große soll vor ihrer Reise durch das neueroberte Krimgebiet 1787 entlang der Wegstrecke ganze Dörfer aus bemalten Kulissen … Potemkine, Grigori Aleksandrovitch, 1739-1791 Григорий Александрович Потёмкин Русский военный и государственный деятель, генерал-фельдмаршал Potemkin, Grigorij Aleksandrovič knjaz 1739-1791 Potemkin, Grigorij (Grigorij Aleksandrovič), 1739-1791 [14] Catherine promoted him again to Kammerjunker (gentleman of the bedchamber), though he retained his post in the Guards. [126] Legend suggests Potemkin soon seduced many of the girls, one of whom was twelve or thirteen at the time. in Tschischowo bei Smolensk; † 5. Vroeë lewe. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [118] Potemkin's nail-biting was so persistent that it was frequently noticed by courtiers and guests, and resulted in hangnail. Most of the time this meant a love triangle in the court between the pair and Catherine's latest swain. [42][43] Though he was "bored" with Catherine, the separation was relatively peaceful. He was also busy with the so-called Greek project, which aimed at restoring the Byzantine Empire under one of Catherine’s grandsons. [52] His plan, known as the Greek Project, aspired to build a new Byzantine Empire around the Turkish capital in Constantinople. Keine Action, keine Leidenschaft, nix. I am entirely happy! The young Potemkin became adept at languages and interested in the Russian Orthodox Church. [55] The May 1781 defensive treaty remained secret for almost two years; the Ottomans were said to still have been unaware of it even when they declared war on Russia in 1787. Synonym of Grigori Potjomkin: Deutschsprachige Wikipedia - Die freie Enzyklopädie Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin ([], , wiss. grÄ­gô´rē əlyÄ­ksän´drəvÄ­ch pÅ­tyôm´kÄ­n , 1739–91, Russian field marshal and favorite of Catherine II. October 5] 1791 Potemkin died in the open steppe, 60 km from Jassy. Oktober jul. [63], The "criminal"[clarification needed] breaking of the Cossack hosts, particularly the Zaporozhian Cossacks in 1775, helped define his rule. Der Günstling der Zarin Katharina die Große soll vor ihrer Reise durch das neueroberte Krimgebiet 1787 entlang der Wegstrecke ganze Dörfer aus bemalten Kulissen … He also became captain of the Chevaliers-Gardes from 1784. [16] Potemkin entered Catherine's circle of advisers, and in 1762 took his only foreign assignment, to Sweden, bearing news of the coup. As the son of an (albeit petty) noble family, he grew up with the expectation that he would serve the Russian Empire. Petersburg. A week later, and after kind words from Catherine, he was rallied by the news that the fleet was not in fact destroyed, but only damaged. / 24. Under the terms of the surrender, the garrison was allowed to leave unharmed, but three hundred guns were captured by the Russians in the process. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin [24] By late January Potemkin had tired of the impasse and effected (perhaps with encouragement from Catherine) a "melodramatic retreat" into the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. [65] Among the Zaporizhian Cossacks he was known as Hrytsko Nechesa. In many of the Balkan lands he had well-informed agents. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Commons is a freely licensed media … 56 … Catherine rewarded him with one hundred thousand roubles, which he used to construct the Tauride Palace in St. Teda kasvatas esialgu ema, aga kui pere kolis Moskvasse sugulaste juurde, saadeti poiss erapansioni. He was interested in history, generally knowledgeable, and loved the classical music of the period, as well as opera. In 1755 a second inspection placed him in the élite Horse Guards regiment  [ ru ]. Made commander in chief and governor-general of “New Russia” (southern Ukraine), he remained friendly with her, and his influence was unshaken despite Catherine’s taking subsequent lovers. Potemkin returned to war in 1773 as Lieutenant-General to fight in Silistria. His biggest failure, however, was his effort to build the city of Ekaterinoslav (lit. Potemkin's sister Maria, for example, married Russian senator Nikolay Samoylov: their son Alexander was decorated for his service under Potemkin in the army; their daughter Ekaterina married first into the Raevsky family, and then the wealthy landowner Lev Davydov. Joseph II of Austria had already made him a prince of the Holy Roman Empire (1776); Catherine made him prince of Tauris in 1783. Man hatte schlicht vergessen, das benötigte Grundstück von der Bahn zu kaufen. Eight days after his death, he was buried. [101][102] Fortunately for the Russians, the Anglo-Prussian alliance collapsed and a British ultimatum that Russia should accept the status quo ante bellum was withdrawn. It seems unlikely that the fraud approached the scale alleged. Later, he awoke and dispatched his entourage to Nikolayev. Grigori on populaarsuselt 256. mehenimi. The Tauride Palace was turned into a barracks, and the city of Gregoripol, which had been named in Potemkin's honor, was renamed. [17] Eighteen months later, Potemkin reappeared, probably summoned by Catherine. [12][13] After the coup Catherine singled out Potemkin for reward and ensured his promotion to second lieutenant. The Prince of Ligne, a member of the Austrian delegation, who had explored on his own during the trip, later proclaimed the allegations to be false. View Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin by Christian Friedrich Reinhold Lisiewski on artnet. One evening, at the height of his power, Potemkin declared to his dinner guests:[121]. [40] On 2 January 1776, Zavadovsky became Adjutant-General to the Empress (he became her official favorite in May) and Potemkin moved to command the St. Petersburg troop division. Alexander Vasilchikov, another Horse-Guardsman, replaced Orlov as the queen's lover. Query: Cerca Though Potemkin was among those guarding the ex-Tsar, it appears that he had no direct involvement in Peter's murder in July. It is estimated that by 1782 the populations of Novorossiya and Azov had doubled[70] during a period of "exceptionally rapid" development. Grigori Aleksandrovitš Potjomkin (ven. Grigori AleksandrovitÅ¡ Potjomkin (ven. The exact whereabouts of some of his internal organs, including his heart and brain first kept at Golia Monastery in Jassy, remain unknown. [84], Turning his attention elsewhere, Potemkin established his headquarters in Elisabethgrad and planned future operations. Hy neem in 1762 deel aan die staatsgreep waarin Katharina die Grote die bewind van haar man, Pieter III oorneem. [64] By the time of Potemkin's death, the Cossacks and their threat of anarchic revolt were well controlled. [108] Picking up on contemporary rumor, historians such as the Polish Jerzy Łojek have suggested that he was poisoned because his madness made him a liability,[109] but this is rejected by Montefiore, who suggests he succumbed to bronchial pneumonia instead.