The departments are further divided into communes, governed by municipal councils. View Post The first French territorial departments were proposed in 1665 by Marc-René d'Argenson to serve as administrative areas purely for the Ponts et Chaussées (Bridges and Highways) infrastructure administration.[2]. |< Start << -10 < -5 : zurück : Seite vor +5 > + 10 >> Ende >| Gehe zu Seite English: Location of department No. (Mayotte only became a department after the election.). Nancy is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name.The metropolitan area of Nancy had a population of 434,565 inhabitants at the 2011 census, making it the 20th largest urban area in France. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as overseas regions. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! Since 1982, the prefect retains only the powers that are not delegated to the department councils. Departement in Frankreich 3 W. Er läuft an mit dem Buchstaben D, endet mit dem Buchstaben h und hat 25 Buchstaben insgesamt. Ledes af en departementschef. The most populous is Nord (2,550,000) and the least populous is Lozère (74,000). [citation needed], The overseas collectivity of Mayotte held a referendum on 29 March 2009. Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the elections of 2008. Savoy, during its temporary occupation, became the department of Mont-Blanc.[3]. Most were named after an area's principal river or other physical features. This was a security measure, intended to keep the entire national territory under close control. In practice, his role has been largely limited to preventing local policy from conflicting with national policy. Eit departement vert leia av ein prefekt, tilsvarande norsk fylkesmann, og ei folkevald forsamling, conseil général.Departementa er gruppert i 22 regionar i sjølve Frankrike og fire oversjøiske regionar. Each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council (conseil départemental [sing. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Et gouf zesumme mat 82 aneren Departementer ënner der Franséischer Revolutioun, de 4. The two-digit code "98" is used by Monaco. Watch Queue Queue Deutsch: Lage des Département Nr. From 1800 to April 2015, these were called general councils (conseil général [sing.] France's earliest, short-lived attempt at setting up overseas departments was after Napoleon's conquest of the Republic of Venice in 1797, when the hitherto Venetian Ionian islands fell to the French Directory and were organised as the departments of Mer-Égée, Ithaque and Corcyre. Before 1982, the chief executive of the department was the prefect (préfet), who represents the Government of France in each department and is appointed by the President of the French Republic. The overseas departments and regions are not the same as the overseas collectivities, which have a semi-autonomous status. In 1798 the Russian Admiral Fyodor Ushakov evicted the French from these islands, and though France regained them in 1807, the three departments were not revived. info))) é a capital e a mais populosa cidade da França, com uma população estimada em 2020 de 2 148 271 habitantes em uma área de 105 quilômetros quadrados. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. A small part of Haut-Rhin however remained French and became known as the Territoire de Belfort; the remaining parts of Meurthe and Moselle were merged into a new Meurthe-et-Moselle department. The modern departments, as all-purpose units of the government, were created on 4 March 1790 by the National Constituent Assembly to replace the provinces with what the Assembly deemed a more rational structure. This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 20:26. The prefecture is not necessarily the largest city in the department: for instance, in Saône-et-Loire department the capital is Mâcon, but the largest city is Chalon-sur-Saône. All five of France's overseas departments have between 200,000 and 1,000,000 people each, whereas Saint Pierre and Miquelon has only about 6,000, and the smaller collectivity unit therefore seemed more appropriate for the islands. Each department is administered by a departmental council (conseil départemental), an assembly elected for six years by universal suffrage, with the President of the Departmental Council as executive of the department. In 1860, France acquired the County of Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Even Paris was in the department of Seine. In the overseas territories, some communes play a role at departmental level. Nekrolog François Furet (1927-1997) von Eberhard Weis, München. By the close of the Ancien Régime, it was organised into provinces. Fecha Where a Napoleonic department was composed of parts from more than one country, the nation-state containing the prefecture is listed. For example, the name of Berry, though no longer having an official status, remains up to the present in widespread use in daily life. At the 2001 census, the median population of a department in continental France was 511,000 inhabitants, which is 21 times the median population of a United States county, but less than two-thirds of the median population of a ceremonial county of England and Wales. Of the votes, 95% were in favor of becoming an overseas department. Paris, the country's capital city, is a commune as well as a department. On 1 January 1968, Seine was divided into four new departments: On 1 January 1968, Seine-et-Oise was divided into four new departments: On 15 September 1975, Corsica was divided in two, to form. The number is used, for example, in the postal code, and was until recently used for all vehicle registration plates. Most of the departments have an area of between 4,000 and 8,000 km2 (1500 to 3000 sq. Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the elections of 2015. Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school (collège) buildings and technical staff, and local roads and school and rural buses, and a contribution to municipal infrastructures. Departement (administrativ enhed) – administrativ enhed i nogle lande, herunder: Departement (Colombia) – en administrativ enhed i Colombia. This reform project has since been abandoned. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections. By 2011, when the overseas collectivity of Mayotte became a department, joining the earlier overseas departments of the Republic (all created in 1946) – French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion – the total number of departments in the French Republic had become 101. The overseas departments get three digits. More distant departments are generally referred to by their names, as few people know the numbers of all the departments. The departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity; the title "department" is used to mean a part of a larger whole. Many translated example sentences containing "Departement Nord Frankreich" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations. [1] Each council has a president. Département. Unlike the rest of French-controlled Africa, Algeria was divided into overseas departments from 1848 until its independence in 1962. 709 (1906) Source page 26 734 (1912) Source page 28 postal code The division of France into departments was a project particularly identified with the French revolutionary leader the Abbé Sieyès, although it had already been frequently discussed and written about by many politicians and thinkers. English translations given are those most commonly used. In the administrative divisions of France, the department (French: département, pronounced [depaʁtəmɑ̃]) is one of the three levels of government under the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the communes. The territories of the Republic of Venice were lost to France, becoming the, On 6 June 1805, as a result of the annexation of the, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 08:17. W. Alt from "Stieler handatlas"; Published by Justus Perthes, Gotha As a result of a constitutional revision that occurred in 2003, these regions are now to be called "overseas regions"; indeed the new wording of the Constitution gives no precedence to the terms overseas department or overseas region, though the latter is still virtually unused by the French media. During the period of the Revolution, these were dissolved, partly in order to weaken old loyalties. 26,3 Reading Note: total number of deaths in hospitals or clinics from 1 to 18 May decreased by 8.7 % between 2019 and 2020. Antique map 'Frankreich und die Schweiz; Inset map of Seine - Departement' (1879) by Gest.v. Their boundaries served two purposes: The old nomenclature was carefully avoided in naming the new departments. Département, largest unit of local government in France and in some former French colonies. Under the 1947 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Algeria[1] in North Africa, Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean, French Guiana in South America, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean were defined as overseas departments. They have nearly the same political status as metropolitan departments, although special constitutional provisions allow them greater autonomy and they are excluded from certain domestic statistics, such as the unemployment rate. Departement kan betyde: . ## (see filename) in France as of Jan 2016. The population of the city of Nancy proper was 104,321 in 2014. The re-organisation of Île-de-France in 1968 and the division of Corsica in 1975 added six more departments, raising the total in Metropolitan France to 96. Departement (Haiti) – en administrativ enhed i Haiti. E departement (neet te verwarre mit de Departeminte van Fraankriek) is 'n aafdeiling en 't waord wuuertj döks gebroek veur e bepaoldj gebiedsdeil in e landj of 'n aafdeiling van 'n verein of organisatie mit aan te duje.Zoea wuuertj de benaming in 't Belsj ouch in 't óngerrich gebroek veur 'n subfaculteit of universitair vakgroep. This video is unavailable. Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a day's ride of the capital of a department. Each département is governed by an elected general council, which holds responsibility for local services, laws, and budget; an officer called a The capital of an arrondissement is called a subprefecture (sous-préfecture) or chef-lieu d'arrondissement. Because of the one-to-one correspondence, informal usage does not distinguish the two, and the French media uses the term département d’outre-mer (DOM) almost exclusively. [citation needed] They have inspired similar divisions in many countries, some of them former French colonies. Département is die naam van die (oorspronklik 83) administratiewe distrikte waarin Frankryk tydens die Franse Rewolusie ingedeel is.. Elke département was naastenby ewe groot en is verder verdeel in arrondissements en kantons.Aan die hoof van die administrasie was 'n prefek. mi. When France regained the ceded departments after World War I, the Territoire de Belfort was not re-integrated into Haut-Rhin. Each overseas department is the sole department in its own overseas region (French: région d'outre-mer) with powers identical to the regions of metropolitan France. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Departement (Frankrig) – en administrativ enhed i Frankrig. Gewoonlik kon elkeen van die bewoners die prefektuur binne 'n dagreis bereik. Divers Droite (DVD) = Independent conservatives. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the elections of 2001. conseils généraux [plur.]). Local services of the state administration are traditionally organised at departmental level, where the prefect represents the government; however, regions have gained importance since the 2000s, with some department-level services merged into region-level services. Overseas departments have a three-digit number. Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the cantonal elections of 1998. After the 1992 election, the left had a majority in only 21 of the 100 departments; after the 2011 election, the left dominated 61 of the 100 departments. The overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon was an overseas department from 1976 to 1985. Das Territorium der Französischen Republik ist nach zentralstaatlichem Strukturprinzip in 101 Départements unterteilt. Istòria. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and relevant forum discussions free vocabulary trainer The departmental seat of government is known as the prefecture (préfecture) or chef-lieu de département and is generally a town of some importance roughly at the geographical centre of the department. By 1793, however, the revolutionary government had turned the departments into transmission belts for policies enacted in Paris. While citizens in each department elected their own officials, the local governments were subordinated to the central government, becoming instruments of national integration. The overseas departments and regions of France (French: départements et régions d’outre-mer or DROM) are departments of France that are outside metropolitan France, the European part of France.They have nearly the same political status as metropolitan departments, although special constitutional provisions allow them greater autonomy and they are excluded from certain domestic … In the administrative divisions of France, the department (French: département, pronounced [depaʁtəmɑ̃]) is one of the three levels of government under the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the communes.Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as overseas regions. As of 2013, there were 36,681 communes in France. Algeria became independent in 1962 while the others are still French departments. Ein Département [depaʀtəˈmɑ] (deutsche Schreibweise auch Departement) ist eine Gebietskörperschaft in Frankreich. ## (siehe Dateiname) in Frankreich ab 2016. overseas countries and territories and outermost regions, Overseas Territories of France (European Parliament constituency), Special member state territories and the European Union, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, "Estimation de la population au 1ᵉʳ janvier 2020", "Estimation de population au 1er janvier, par département, sexe et grande classe d'âge", Ministry of the overseas departments and territories, past and current developments of France’s overseas administrative divisions like DOMs and TOMs, oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast', List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Overseas_departments_and_regions_of_France&oldid=990279605, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Frédéric Lefebvre, spokesman for the UMP, said in December 2008 that the fusion of the departments with the regions was a matter to be dealt with soon. In continental France (metropolitan France, excluding Corsica), the median land area of a department is 5,965 km2 (2,303 sq mi), which is two-and-a-half times the median land area of the ceremonial counties of England and the preserved counties of Wales and slightly more than three-and-half times the median land area of a county of the United States. Dezember 1789 geschaf. Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the elections of 2004. These maps cannot be used as a useful resource of voter preferences, because Departmental Councils are elected on a two-round system, which drastically limits the chances of fringe parties, if they are not supported on one of the two rounds by a moderate party. The departments are numbered: their two-digit numbers appear in postal codes, in INSEE codes (including "social security numbers") and on vehicle number plates. Korsika mit Sonderstatus) gruppiert. The removal of one or more levels of local government has been discussed for some years; in particular, the option of removing the departmental level. Despite the intention to avoid the old nomenclature, often the names of pre-1790 provinces remained in use. Alphanumeric codes 2A and 2B were used for Corsica while it was split but it has since reverted to 20. The Online Workouts Changing How You Get Active at Home The best at-home workouts to keep fit without the gym. In 1922, it became France's 90th department. [7] This committee advocates, on the contrary, the suppression of the cantons.[7]. Články v kategorii „Departementy v Hauts-de-France“ Zobrazuje se 5 stránek z celkového počtu 5 stránek v této kategorii. [1] Desde o século XVII, Paris é um dos principais centros de finanças, diplomacia, comércio, moda, ciência e artes da Europa. Säin Numm kënnt vun de Flëss Seine a Marne. There are a number of former departments in territories conquered by France during the French Revolution and Napoleonic Empire that are now not part of France: Former departments of the current territory of France, Departments of Algeria (Départements d'Algérie), Departments of the Napoleonic Empire in Europe, Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, List of French departments by population, area and population density, "La fusion département-région n'est pas à l'ordre du jour", "Les 20 propositions du Comité (20 propositions of the Committee)", List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Departments_of_France&oldid=995111989, Second-level administrative country subdivisions, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Meurthe ceased to exist following the annexation of.

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