Die Bevölkerungsdichte in den USA erhöhte sich im selben Zeitraum von 19 auf 33 Einwohner je km². ", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts selected: United States", "Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens", Key Development Forecasts for the United States, U.S. National Mottos: History and Constitutionality, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States&oldid=995293722, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1776, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2014, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 07:01. [464][465], Homegrown foods are part of a shared national menu on one of America's most popular holidays, Thanksgiving, when some Americans make traditional foods to celebrate the occasion. [338] The United States has the largest external debt in the world[339] and the 34th largest government debt as a percentage of GDP in the world as of 2017; however, more recent estimates vary. [390] The United States leads the world in scientific research papers and impact factor. The phrase "United States" was originally plural in American usage. [445][446][447], The American Dream, or the perception that Americans enjoy high social mobility, plays a key role in attracting immigrants. Over time, indigenous cultures in North America grew increasingly complex, and some, such as the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture in the southeast, developed advanced agriculture, architecture, and complex societies. [84] The 1803 Louisiana Purchase almost doubled the nation's area,[85] Spain ceded Florida and other Gulf Coast territory in 1819,[86] the Republic of Texas was annexed in 1845 during a period of expansionism,[87] and the 1846 Oregon Treaty with Britain led to U.S. control of the present-day American Northwest. [493], American football is by several measures the most popular spectator sport;[495] the National Football League (NFL) has the highest average attendance of any sports league in the world, and the Super Bowl is watched by tens of millions globally. [24], The first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" dates from a January 2, 1776 letter written by Stephen Moylan, Esquire, to George Washington's aide-de-camp Joseph Reed. Population by Selected Ancestry Group and Region: 2009", "United States—Urban/Rural and Inside/Outside Metropolitan Area", "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2008 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008", "Counties in South and West Lead Nation in Population Growth", "Table MS-1. "Columbia", a name popular in American poetry and songs of the late 18th century, derives its origin from Christopher Columbus; it appears in the name "District of Columbia". [22][23] In 1538, the Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator used the name "America" on his own world map, applying it to the entire Western Hemisphere. [137] Construction of an Interstate Highway System transformed the nation's infrastructure over the following decades. Each state then draws single-member districts to conform with the census apportionment. [469] Americans drink three times as much coffee as tea. Since the Civil War, only one third-party presidential candidate—former president Theodore Roosevelt, running as a Progressive in 1912—has won as much as 20% of the popular vote. "[352] In 2016, the U.S. murder rate was 5.4 per 100,000. It does not appear in patriotic songs composed during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, including "The Star Spangled Banner", "My Country, 'Tis of Thee", and the "Battle Hymn of the Republic", although it is common in 20th-century songs like "God Bless America". Of this area, 2,959,064 square miles (7,663,940 km2) is contiguous land, composing 83.65% of total U.S. land area. Notable films topping the American Film Institute's AFI 100 list include Orson Welles's Citizen Kane (1941), which is frequently cited as the greatest film of all time,[489][490] Casablanca (1942), The Godfather (1972), Gone with the Wind (1939), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), The Wizard of Oz (1939), The Graduate (1967), On the Waterfront (1954), Schindler's List (1993), Singin' in the Rain (1952), It's a Wonderful Life (1946) and Sunset Boulevard (1950). The U.S. developed a policy of containment towards the expansion of communist influence. After a surge in female labor participation, especially in the 1970s, by 1985, the majority of women aged 16 and over were employed. [48] Successful English settlement of the eastern coast of North America began with the Virginia Colony in 1607 at Jamestown and with the Pilgrims colony at Plymouth in 1620. They also competed in the Space Race, culminating in the 1969 spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon. [429] In 2017, there were 255,009,283 non-two wheel motor vehicles, or about 910 vehicles per 1,000 people. All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided. Darüber hinaus lebten in China mit fast 150 Einwohnern je km² rund viermal mehr Menschen auf einem km² als in den USA (35 Einw. Datasets in use. [359][360][361] In 2019, the country had the sixth-highest number of executions in the world, following China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Egypt. Just over 2% of children are homeschooled. [500] The most watched individual sports are golf and auto racing, particularly NASCAR. LATEST STORIES. Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago, and European colonization began in the 16th century. [189] Overall, the United States receives more high-impact extreme weather incidents than any other country in the world. After his election as president in 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt responded with the New Deal. [508][509], Country primarily located in North America, "America", "US", "USA", and "United States of America" redirect here. [449][450][451] While mainstream culture holds that the United States is a classless society,[452] scholars identify significant differences between the country's social classes, affecting socialization, language, and values. In addition, there are 1,460 public radio stations. Average size of dwelling by household type and degree of urbanisation The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion and forbids Congress from passing laws respecting its establishment. [198][199], Environmental issues include debates on oil and nuclear energy, dealing with air and water pollution, the economic costs of protecting wildlife, logging and deforestation,[200][201] and international responses to global warming. 9 months ago AKE Kanal neu. [135] A proxy war in Southeast Asia eventually evolved into the Vietnam War (1955–1975), with full American participation.[136]. [430], The civil airline industry is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated since 1978, while most major airports are publicly owned. Europa - EU Wirtschaftskraft BIP Änderungen - Builder. Despite considerable income and wealth disparities compared to other rich countries, the United States continuously ranks high in measures of socioeconomic performance. [93] In 1869, a new Peace Policy nominally promised to protect Native Americans from abuses, avoid further war, and secure their eventual U.S. citizenship. [355] According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the majority of inmates held in federal prisons are convicted of drug offenses. Southern white Democrats, calling themselves "Redeemers", took control of the South after the end of Reconstruction. [485][486] In the 1970s, "New Hollywood" or the "Hollywood Renaissance"[487] was defined by grittier films influenced by French and Italian realist pictures of the post-war period. It is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States (OAS), NATO, and other international organizations. [184] At an elevation of 20,310 feet (6,190.5 m), Alaska's Denali is the highest peak in the country and in North America. [399], Accounting for 4.24% of the global population, Americans collectively possess 29.4% of the world's total wealth, the largest percentage of any country. [400][401] Americans also make up roughly half of the world's population of millionaires. Stadt und Bevölkerungsdichte Europa Karte. Many translated example sentences containing "usa Einwohner" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Documents such as the Mayflower Compact and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut established precedents for representative self-government and constitutionalism that would develop throughout the American colonies. [102] Most of these conflicts ended with the cession of Native American territory and their confinement to Indian reservations. over 4 years ago; 224 mapviews; More info. [337] The U.S. has a credit rating of AA+ from Standard & Poor's, AAA from Fitch, and AAA from Moody's. Likewise, nearly all nations host American diplomatic missions. [323] It works closely with fellow NATO members on military and security issues and with its neighbors through the Organization of American States and free trade agreements such as the trilateral North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada and Mexico. [427] The United States has the world's second-largest automobile market,[428] and has the highest vehicle ownership per capita in the world, with 816.4 vehicles per 1,000 Americans (2014). This further expanded acreage under mechanical cultivation, increasing surpluses for international markets. With 21.2 million people, government is the leading field of employment. [505], Well-known newspapers include The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, and USA Today. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100. CBS All Access is streaming every upcoming UEFA Europa League match live! Waffenstatistik Europa (Auszug), www.gunpolicy.org, viewed 28th May, 2016. [214], In 2017, out of the U.S. foreign-born population, some 45% (20.7 million) were naturalized citizens, 27% (12.3 million) were lawful permanent residents, 6% (2.2 million) were temporary lawful residents, and 23% (10.5 million) were unauthorized immigrants. Interests", "Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress", "U.S.–South Korea Relations: Issues for Congress", "The Untapped Potential of the US-Colombia Partnership", "How Progressive is the U.S. Federal Tax System? [181] Farther west are the rocky Great Basin and deserts such as the Chihuahua and Mojave. [263], American public education is operated by state and local governments and regulated by the United States Department of Education through restrictions on federal grants. Much public-radio broadcasting is supplied by NPR. Lacrosse and surfing arose from Native American and Native Hawaiian activities that predate Western contact. [501][502], The four major broadcasters in the U.S. are the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), American Broadcasting Company (ABC), and Fox Broadcasting Company (FOX). The short form "United States" is also standard. [286] The original text of the Constitution establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual states. 1 like. Article One protects the right to the writ of habeas corpus. [74], The Second Continental Congress unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776; this day is celebrated annually as Independence Day. Local Business. [503] Americans listen to radio programming, also largely commercial, on average just over two-and-a-half hours a day. This includes taxes on income, payroll, property, sales, imports, estates, and gifts, as well as various fees. [425], Personal transportation is dominated by automobiles, which operate on a network of 4 million miles (6.4 million kilometers) of public roads. [188] States bordering the Gulf of Mexico are prone to hurricanes, and most of the world's tornadoes occur in the country, mainly in Tornado Alley areas in the Midwest and South. The United States has the world's largest Christian population. [347] Defense spending plays a major role in science and technology investment, with roughly half of U.S. federal research and development funded by the Department of Defense. New York City is home to the United Nations Headquarters. [349], The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and one of nine countries to possess nuclear weapons. [439][442] More recent immigration from Asia and especially Latin America has added to a cultural mix that has been described as both a homogenizing melting pot, and a heterogeneous salad bowl in which immigrants and their descendants retain distinctive cultural characteristics. [299], Citizenship is granted at birth in all states, the District of Columbia, and all major U.S. territories except American Samoa. [135] The Soviet Union's 1957 launch of the first artificial satellite and its 1961 launch of the first crewed spaceflight initiated a "Space Race" in which the United States became the first nation to land a man on the Moon in 1969. Why is it falling behind? Other languages spoken at home by one million people or more include Chinese (2.8 million), Tagalog (1.6 million), Vietnamese (1.4 million), French (1.3 million), Korean (1.1 million), and German (1 million). [353], The United States has the highest documented incarceration rate and largest prison population in the world. Select from premium Peter Kutscher of the highest quality. [394], The rise of fascism and Nazism in the 1920s and 30s led many European scientists, including Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, and John von Neumann, to immigrate to the United States. [141][142][143] Meanwhile, a counterculture movement grew, which was fueled by opposition to the Vietnam war, the Black Power movement, and the sexual revolution. Following the collapse of détente, he abandoned "containment" and initiated the more aggressive "rollback" strategy towards the Soviet Union. [260][261] The U.S. health-care system far outspends any other nation, measured both in per capita spending and as percentage of GDP. On his map, the name is shown in large letters on what would now be considered South America, in honor of Amerigo Vespucci. [159], Government policy designed to promote affordable housing,[160] widespread failures in corporate and regulatory governance,[161] and historically low interest rates set by the Federal Reserve[162] led to the mid-2000s housing bubble, which culminated with the 2008 financial crisis, the nation's largest economic contraction since the Great Depression. However, Iran, North Korea, Bhutan, and the Republic of China (Taiwan) do not have formal diplomatic relations with the United States (although the U.S. still maintains unofficial relations with Bhutan and Taiwan). [65][66] However, by the turn of the 18th century, African slaves had supplanted European indentured servants as cash crop labor, especially in the American South. [347] At 4.7% of GDP, the rate was the second-highest among the top 15 military spenders, after Saudi Arabia. Indeed, when the Union ultimately won the war in April 1865, each of the states in the defeated South was required to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which prohibited slavery. Who coined 'United States of America'? Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika. ", "Mexico Obesity Rate Surpasses The United States', Making It Fattest Country in the Americas", "Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among Adults: United States, 2003–2004", "Fast Food, Central Nervous System Insulin Resistance, and Obesity", Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, "The State of US Health, 1990–2010: Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors", "U.S. Uninsured Rate Steady at 12.2% in Fourth Quarter of 2017", "Ranks of Underinsured Are Rising, Study Finds", "Health Care Law 54% Favor Repeal of Health Care Law", "Debate on ObamaCare to intensify in the wake of landmark Supreme Court ruling", "The U.S. Healthcare System: The Best in the World or Just the Most Expensive? [43] Anthropologist Henry F. Dobyns believed the populations were much higher, suggesting around 1.1 million along the shores of the Gulf of Mexico, 2.2 million people living between Florida and Massachusetts, 5.2 million in the Mississippi Valley and tributaries, and around 700,000 people in the Florida peninsula. It is a federal republic and a representative democracy "in which majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law. List of countries in Europe ranked by population, from the most populous. [155], On September 11, 2001, Al-Qaeda terrorist hijackers flew passenger planes into the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon near Washington, D.C., killing nearly 3,000 people. NPR was incorporated in February 1970 under the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967; its television counterpart, PBS, was created by the same legislation. The 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, Missouri, were the first ever Olympic Games held outside of Europe. [77], Although the federal government outlawed American participation in the Atlantic slave trade in 1807, after 1820, cultivation of the highly profitable cotton crop exploded in the Deep South, and along with it, the slave population. To the east of the 100th meridian, the climate ranges from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical in the south. [470] Marketing by U.S. industries is largely responsible for making orange juice and milk ubiquitous breakfast beverages. [237][239][240], Protestantism is the largest Christian religious grouping in the United States, accounting for almost half of all Americans. [110][111][112], The United States remained neutral from the outbreak of World War I in 1914 until 1917 when it joined the war as an "associated power" alongside the Allies of World War I, helping to turn the tide against the Central Powers. [114] The 1920s and 1930s saw the rise of radio for mass communication and the invention of early television. More than 37 million spoke Spanish at home, making it the second most commonly used language in the United States. [220], As of 2018[update], 52% of Americans age 15 and over were married, 6% were widowed, 10% were divorced, and 32% had never been married. | The Japan Times", "The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways", "Remarks at the Signing of the Immigration Bill, Liberty Island, New York", "North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) | United States Trade Representative", "America remembers Sept. 11 attacks 11 years later", "The 'War on Terror' Is Critical to President George W. Bush's Legacy", "Obama Announces Killing of Osama bin Laden", "The Financial Crisis and the Policy Responses: An Empirical Analysis of What Went Wrong", "Worst Crisis Since '30s, With No End Yet in Sight", "Barack Obama elected as America's first black president", "Barack Obama: Face Of New Multiracial Movement? [385] 74% of full-time American workers get paid sick leave, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, although only 24% of part-time workers get the same benefits. Income inequality remains at record highs however, with the top fifth of earners taking home more than half of all overall income. population. The Department of Defense administers five of the six service branches, which are made up of the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Space Force. Home ; Highlights . [398] This, in turn, led to the establishment of many new technology companies and regions around the country such as Silicon Valley in California. Consumer affairs and public health. From 1890 to 1910, the Redeemers established so-called Jim Crow laws, disenfranchising most blacks and some poor whites throughout the region. [374] Canada, China, Mexico, Japan, and Germany are its top trading partners. The local government's duties are commonly split between county and municipal governments. The name "Europa" was later used to describe Greece. [459] Georgia O'Keeffe, Marsden Hartley, and others experimented with new, individualistic styles. However, the Senate refused to approve this and did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles that established the League of Nations. [491] The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, have been held annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences since 1929,[492] and the Golden Globe Awards have been held annually since January 1944. [378], In 2009, the private sector was estimated to constitute 86.4% of the economy. [420] In 2017, the U.S. states or territories with the lowest and highest poverty rates were New Hampshire (7.6%) and American Samoa (65%), respectively. population. [504], In 1998, the number of U.S. commercial radio stations had grown to 4,793 AM stations and 5,662 FM stations. This quiz is incomplete! [488] In more recent times, directors such as Steven Spielberg, George Lucas and James Cameron have gained renown for their blockbuster films, often characterized by high production costs and earnings. je km²). Most of these stations are run by universities and public authorities for educational purposes and are financed by public or private funds, subscriptions, and corporate underwriting. [204] The idea of wilderness has shaped the management of public lands since 1964, with the Wilderness Act. [296], The 50 states are the principal political divisions in the country. [187] The Great Plains west of the 100th meridian are semi-arid. Auf einen Quadratkilometer Land kommen im Schnitt 27 Einwohner. eur-lex.europa.eu. During the war, the United States was one of the "Four Powers"[122] who met to plan the postwar world, along with Britain, the Soviet Union, and China. [468] Characteristic dishes such as apple pie, fried chicken, pizza, hamburgers, and hot dogs derive from the recipes of various immigrants. 11 months ago EG Gemeinden. In 2017, the United States had the lowest life expectancy among Japan, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, and seven nations in western Europe. [418] In 2011, 16.7 million children lived in food-insecure households, about 35% more than 2007 levels, though only 845,000 U.S. children (1.1%) saw reduced food intake or disrupted eating patterns at some point during the year, and most cases were not chronic. Greek mythology and the beginning of western civilization came from European nations. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. [101], The United States fought Indian Wars west of the Mississippi River from 1810 to at least 1890. In American political culture, the center-right Republican Party is considered "conservative" and the center-left Democratic Party is considered "liberal". [294] The president serves a four-year term and may be elected to the office no more than twice. [32], It has been generally accepted that the first inhabitants of North America migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 12,000 years ago; however, some evidence suggests an even earlier date of arrival. [306][307] The states of the Northeast and West Coast and some of the Great Lakes states, known as "blue states", are relatively liberal.

108 Sgb Ix, Ebz Business School Immobilienwirtschaft, Allmen Und Die Libellen Stream, Bildschirmzeit-code Nie Vergeben, Srf Meteo Lokalprognose, Kino Altensteig Open Air 2020, Psychologischer Berater Kassenzulassung, Unfall A44 Heute Soest, Dhbw Mannheim Englisch,